RO Units

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RO Units

Ian Wilde
Administrator
What is the upper level that you will let an RO run at (uS) and what brought you to that decision?

I ask as the upper limit on our Aqua Uno units is 150uS which seems very high to me.  

If I was in a patient's home and I saw a conductivity over 10uS I would be thinking about remedial action personally although I have no science to this decision - only what our Mancunian forfathers passed on!
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Re: RO Units

Chris Bates
Hi Ian,
Wow  you must have some good incoming water. Must be why northerners are so famed for their good health and longevity.
Most ROs here run between 9 and 15uS. We tell patients to let us know when cond. is around 25uS.
When we didn't use softeners (only started using them recently) we found that the pure water Calcium levels were exceeding the limits, sometimes significantly, when cond. got to ~30uS
Chris
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Re: RO Units

Ian Wilde
Administrator
Cheers for that Chris,

The majority of our home patients have a permeate of ~5uS but we are lucky in having naturally soft water up 'ere.

Out of our current home population of approx. 70, we have 2 softeners in use.

Our incoming water across our home dialysis patch is in the region of 80uS to 300uS.

95% of our patients' tap water is <120uS.

At least you have some scientific results to back-up why you intervene around the 30uS mark as opposed to my "because we've always done it like that" method!

I just find it strange that with our Aqua Uno units the limit is set at an unadjustable 150uS.


Just moving back briefly to softeners, what level of hardness in your water would initiate the fitting of a softener?
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Re: RO Units

Chris Bates
Hi Ian,
I download the public water quality reports for each WSZ (Water Supply Zone). All our units and patients are in very hard water zones so we are fitting softeners everywhere now. Didn't seem to matter as much with non heat ROs but the Centurion Heat system definitely doesn't like hard water. Many patients were not citric rinsing as often as they were supposed to.
Most home and unit supplies are 600-800 uS and hardness is seldom less than 300mg/l CaCo3
Chris
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Re: RO Units

Ian Wilde
Administrator
Cheers Chris,  yes I think we'd install softeners with water at those levels.
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Re: RO Units

Garry
In reply to this post by Ian Wilde
Similar to you Ian, our limit seems to be historic with no evidence that I am aware of.  Here we set water quality alarms at 50us but ask the home patients to inform us if conductivity rises above 20us when we would consider replacement.

We no longer provide softeners to patients since moving to a minimal installation process.  Current inlet water conductivities at <400us with hardness of around 170ppm